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Overview of the Minnesota Court System

The Minnesota court system is comprised of six separate courts in a four-tiered, hierarchical structure. The first tier consists of the municipal courts, which generally handle traffic infractions, preliminary hearings and ordinance violations in Minnesota's more densely populated areas. Also on the first tier are the tax courts, which handle all tax affairs, and the workers' compensation courts, which handle all workers' compensation matters.

The Minnesota district courts are the original courts of general jurisdiction, meaning that they see all initial cases going through the court system. These courts handle probate/estate matters, family law concerns, civil affairs, criminal proceedings, traffic and code infractions, and juvenile cases.

Any decisions made by the district courts can be appealed by either party to the decision, which may result in the case being sent to the Court of Appeals. This court consists of 19 judges who oversee appellate cases in three-judge panels. They may overturn the lower court's decision or let it stand.

Decisions may be further appealed to the Minnesota Supreme Court. As the court of last resort, the Supreme Court consists of seven justices. In addition to its role as the final appellate court in Minnesota, it provides advisory opinions to the governor, sets procedure and handles court administrative matters.

Minnesota Attorneys and Lawyers

When faced with a legal issue, contacting an experienced attorney is always the best bet. At LawInfo you can search for a skilled, Lead Counsel Rated Minnesota attorney by location and by practice area. We have Minnesota attorneys who dedicate their practice to specific areas of the law, so you will not only find an attorney, but an attorney who is knowledgeable to help you with your particular legal issue.

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Starting a Minnesota Business

Minnesota business owners are renowned for their determination and savvy, and new business owners will find themselves in good company! You can get a crash course in starting your own business from entrepreneurs and coaches through one of many Minnesota Small Business Development Centers. Articles on the website provide important information regarding your business plan as well as funding and marketing tips to get your company off the ground.

There are several different business structures, and you need to choose which one works best for you. When making this consideration, look at taxation levels, personal liability and regulatory concerns. A sole proprietorship may be best if you are more concerned with lower taxes and fewer regulations. Corporations may be best if you are more concerned about limited personal liability.

Minnesota Business Statistics

Small businesses employ 50.1 percent of the Minnesota private-sector work force. The unemployment rate hovered around 5 percent through 2013, which shows that the job market in the state is quite good. Minnesota is home to nearly 497,000 small businesses, accounting for 97.9 percent of employers.

The state enjoyed a generally robust economy in 2011 with a 4 percent gross state product growth. The large business presence in the state is also significant: There are around 2,500 large employers, including major Fortune 500 companies UnitedHealth Group (UNH), Target (TGT) and Best Buy (BBY).