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The Indiana court system has four tiers of courts: the limited jurisdiction courts, the general jurisdiction courts, the intermediate appellate courts and the court of last resort. There are two different limited jurisdiction courts: the town courts and the city courts. They handle similar matters, including traffic infractions, city ordinance or code violations and minor misdemeanors.
The general jurisdiction courts are the circuit and superior courts. Both courts handle civil and criminal affairs, but the circuit courts tend to handle more severe matters while the superior courts take care of matters that the circuits don't get to.
The intermediate appellate courts are the Court of Appeals and the Tax Court. The Court of Appeals hears appeals of decisions made by the lower courts and may reverse or uphold the lower court decisions. The Tax Court has original jurisdiction over appeals of decisions made by state or local governments over how much tax you owe, for instance.
The court of last decision is the Supreme Court, which hears appeals of decisions made by the intermediate appellate courts. It also handles administrative tasks for the Indiana court system.
When faced with a legal issue, contacting an experienced attorney is always the best bet. At LawInfo you can search for a skilled, Lead Counsel Rated Indiana attorney by location and by practice area. We have Indiana attorneys who dedicate their practice to specific areas of the law, so you will not only find an attorney, but an attorney who is knowledgeable to help you with your particular legal issue.
When beginning an Indiana business venture, it is important to consider the legal consequences as well as the great potential for profit. You need to follow the rules and regulations through the process of starting your company.
The first step is deciding what kind of company you want to have. There are multiple options, from a more informal sole proprietorship to a highly regulated limited liability company or corporation. Your choice will depend on your future goals for your business. The next step is deciding on your company's name. You will need to look up existing companies at the Indiana Secretary of State website to make sure that you aren't using another company's name.
If you are creating a more formal business structure, you will need to file the appropriate articles, such as Articles of Incorporation or Articles of Organization. All companies will need to register for a state tax ID as well as any relevant local taxes.
Small business is a key driver in the Indiana economy. About 488,000 small businesses employed 1.2 million workers in 2010, accounting for 48.2 percent of the workforce in the state. According to the BLS, unemployment hovered around 8.4 percent for most of 2013. Meanwhile, large companies, defined as companies with more than 500 Indiana employees, represented 2.6 percent of all companies in the state.
Some notable larger business organizations headquartered in Indiana include Fortune 500 companies Eli Lilly (LLY), WellPoint (WLP) and Steel Dynamics ( STLD).