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Legal Dictionary

E

  • E-Commerce Law

    the area of law specifically dealing with the form of business known as E-commerce, which is a rapidly developing and exciting business form.
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  • Easement

    A right of passage over a neighbor's land or waterway. An easement is a type of servitude. For every easement, there is a dominant and a servient tenement. Easements are also classified as negative (which prevents the servient land owner from doing certain things) or affirmative easements (the most common, which allows the beneficiary of the easement to do certain things, such as a right-of-way). Although right-of-ways are the most common easements, there are many others such as rights to tunnel under another's land, to use a washroom, to emit smoke or fumes, to pass over with transmission towers, to access a dock and to access a well.
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  • Ecclesiastical law

    Synonymous to canon law: the body of church-made law which binds only those persons which recognize it, usually only church officers, and based on aged precepts of canon law.
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  • EDI

    Electronic Data Interchange
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  • Education Law

    the area of law relating to schools and that deals mainly with methods of teaching and learning in schools.
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  • EFT

    Electronic Funds Transfer
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  • Elder Law

    includes a vast range of issues but has a specific type of person in mind, seniors. Elder law focuses on the legal needs of the elderly, and encompasses a variety of legal techniques to meet the objectives of the older client. Elder law includes general estate planning issues, counseling and planning for incapacity with alternative decision making documents, and planning for possible long-term care needs, including nursing home care. Determining the appropriate type of care, coordinating private and public resources to finance the cost of care, and working to ensure the clients right to quality care are all part of the elder law.
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  • Electronic Funds Transfer

    transfer of money from one bank account to another or to a CSE Agency
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  • Emancipation

    Term used to describe the act of freeing a person who was under the legal authority of another (such as a child before the age of majority) from that control (such as child reaching the age of majority). The term was also used when slavery was legal to describe a former slave that had bought or been given freedom from his or her master. When Abraham Lincoln outlawed slavery he did so in a law called the "emancipation proclamation".
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  • Embargo

    This is an act of international military aggression where an order is made prohibiting ships or goods from leaving a certain port, city or territory and may be enforced by military threat of destroying any vehicle that attempts to break it or by trade penalties. The word has also come to refer to a legal prohibition of trade with a certain nation or a prohibition towards the use of goods or services produced by or within a certain nation.
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  • Embezzle

    The illegal transfer of money or property that, although possessed legally by the embezzler, is diverted to the embezzler personally by his or her fraudulent action. For example, an employee would embezzle money from the employer or a public officer could embezzle money received during the course of their public duties and secretly convert it to their personal use.
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  • Eminent domain

    USA: The legal power to expropriate private land for the sake of public necessity.
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  • Emolument

    A legal word which refers to all wages, benefits or other benefit received as compensation for holding some office or employment.
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  • Emphyteusis

    Civil law: a long-term (many years or in perpetuity) rental of land or buildings including the exclusive enjoyment of all product of that land and the exercise of all property rights typically reserved for the property owner such as mortgaging the property for the term of the emphyteusis or permitting a right of way.
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  • Emptio or emtio

    Latin for "purchase" or the contract in which something is bought.
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  • Enactment

    A law or a statute; a document which is published as an enforceable set of written rules is said to be "enacted".
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  • Endorsement

    Something written on the back of a document. An alternate spelling, in some English jurisdictions, is "indorsement." In the laws of bills of exchange, an endorsement is a signature on the back of the bill of exchange by which the person to whom the note is payable transfers it by thus making the note payable to the bearer or to a specific person. An endorsement of claim means that if you want to ask a court to issue a writ against someone, you have to "endorse" your writ with a concise summary of the facts supporting the claim, sometimes called a statement of claim.
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  • Endowment

    The transfer of money or property (usually as a gift) to a public organization for a specific purpose, such as medical research or scholarships.
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  • Energy Law

    the area of law dealing with usable power (as heat or electricity) and the resources for producing such power.
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  • Enforcement

    obtaining payment of a child support or medical support obligation
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