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Overview of the Connecticut Court System

There are four different courts in the Connecticut judiciary system: the probate and superior courts, the Connecticut Appellate Court and the state Supreme Court.

The probate courts handle all estate, mental health and juvenile issues. They also handle some family law issues and civil matters that do not require a jury trial. The superior courts are the courts of original jurisdiction for most civil and criminal trials. They also handle housing and family law issues such as divorce. Decisions made in the probate courts can be appealed to the superior courts.

The Appellate Court is one step above the superior courts in that it primarily handles appeals from said courts. Decisions made in the superior courts may be changed as a result of Appellate Court rulings. Finally, the Supreme Court is the court of last resort in Connecticut, handling appeals from the Appellate Court as well as death penalty appeals from the superior courts. It is also in charge of administrative duties such as bar admissions and discipline, judicial oversight and court management.

Connecticut Attorneys and Lawyers

When faced with a legal issue, contacting an experienced attorney is always the best bet. At LawInfo you can search for a skilled, Lead Counsel Rated Connecticut attorney by location and by practice area. We have Connecticut attorneys who dedicate their practice to specific areas of the law, so you will not only find an attorney, but an attorney who is knowledgeable to help you with your particular legal issue.

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Connecticut Legal Forms

LawInfo offers free Connecticut legal forms and documents to help resolve many of your issues on your own. Whether you need a power of attorney or you want to complete your will, we have you covered. You can click on our most popular forms located in the right column of this page. A user account is required to use the service, but it’s completely free.

For individuals seeking to rent property, prudent legal judgment is an important first step. You can make sure that all your bases are covered by using LawInfo's free Connecticut Residential Lease Agreement to finalize a binding agreement with tenants before letting them live on the property. While renting can be a good decision to help you get a little extra money every month, you need to protect your assets and minimize liabilities as much as possible.

A last will can be the difference between deciding on the passage of your estate yourself and leaving it up to the probate courts to determine. You can use LawInfo's free Last Will and Testament documents to make your wishes clear regarding your real estate, possessions, heirlooms and other assets. You never know when an accident might happen, so it's always a good idea to be prepared and take proper legal precautions.

If you need a simple, stress-free way to plan for unexpected occurrences, consider free Power of Attorney documents from LawInfo. These documents allow people of your choosing to make financial, medical and legal decisions for you if you are ever mentally or physically incapacitated. This is ideal for end-of-life decisions as well as accidents and emergencies.

Starting a Connecticut Business

When beginning your new business in Connecticut, there are many available resources to help you get started and understand your options. You can find many of these resources at the Connecticut Small Business Development Center, which will help you develop your business plan, figure out your market and get seed capital for your venture. These resources may provide networking and mentorship opportunities to get you started on the right foot.

Once your business plan is in place, a business structure that fits your needs is the next step. Your choices will vary on the level of tax obligations and liability issues. On one end, a sole proprietorship involves personal investment and liability risk, but it doesn't require you to pay corporate taxes or registration fees. On the other hand, a corporation has higher taxes but may shield you from personal liability.

Connecticut Business Statistics

Small businesses employ 49.7 percent of the Connecticut private-sector work force. The unemployment rate hovered around 8 percent through 2013, which is a little higher than the national average. Connecticut is home to nearly 327,000 small businesses that account for 97.1 percent of employers. The economy in the state grew by 3.9 percent, slightly outpacing the rest of the United States. The large business presence in Connecticut is also significant: There are 2,101 large employers in Connecticut, including major Fortune 500 companies like General Electric (GE), Aetna (AET) and Cigna (CI).