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Under California law, a parent's first and most important obligation is to support his or her children. This becomes especially significant if you're going through a divorce, separation, or paternity suit because in these situations, a court will decide who gets custody of your children, who pays child support, how much they have to pay, and other important issues. If you're facing any of these serious life events, you'll want to know how the California child support laws work.
Typically, the noncustodial parent is the one who makes regular payments of child support to the custodial parent (Sec. 3002, et seq). The custodial parent is the one who will be with ("in custody of") the child the majority of the time, paying for many of the expenses of raising a child: food, housing, education, health care, etc. (Sec 3004, et seq., Sec. 4053). If the parents are unable to reach a custody agreement themselves, the court will determine who the custodial parent will be. Both parents must support their unmarried children until they are 18 years old, or longer for children who are full-time high school students or disabled adults incapable of supporting themselves (Sec. 3022, 3580, 3900, et seq.).
A court usually determines child support payments based on income. For the purposes of determining child support, "income" includes not only salary or hourly wages, but other types of funds as well. Sources of income may include:
After your total income is determined, the court uses a statewide uniform guideline formula to see how much you owe or should be paid (Sec. 4055). This formula takes into account a number of factors, including (Sec. 4055):
It should be noted that a court may order a higher or lower amount than what the formula suggests, depending on what is in the best interests of the child (Sec. 4056).
Read the full text of the Code of California for more detail.
The issue of child support can have a huge impact on your financial stability and the wellbeing of your children. There are many details to consider, from who gets custody of the kids to what equals "income." You may even run into trouble establishing paternity or enforcing court-ordered child support. The California Department of Child Support Services provides many online resources for both custodial and noncustodial parents, including:
This article is intended to be helpful and informative. But even common legal matters can become complex and stressful. A qualified child support lawyer can address your particular legal needs, explain the law, and represent you in court. Take the first step now and contact a local child support attorney to discuss your specific legal situation.