How to Amend a Will
What is a Codicil?
A codicil is a document that amends a will but does not replace a will. It is meant to be used when certain provisions of the will need to be changed. A codicil can be used to add or revoke elements of a will. Any part of the original will that is not amended or revoked by the codicil will remain in effect when the person passes away.
Typically, a codicil is used to change relatively small and specific provisions of the will. For example, if an individual originally left her diamond ring to her daughter and then decided to leave it to her granddaughter instead of her daughter then a properly executed codicil could be used to accomplish that bequest. Similarly, if you sold or lost the ring after the time you drafted the will then the gift you made of the ring in your will would be void and unenforceable at the time of your death. So, you might wish to leave your daughter with another piece of jewelry or personal belonging. A codicil allows an individual to avoid going through the time and expense of executing an entirely new will to make these relatively minor changes.
Make Sure Your Codicil Has the Intended Effect
There are three things to keep in mind if you want to make sure that the wishes that you articulate in your codicil are honored. You must make sure that:
- You are Specific and Clear in Your Intent: if there is a conflict in meaning between your will and your codicil then your previously drafted and properly executed will takes precedence and will control the distribution of your property. Therefore, it is important to be specific and accurate when using a codicil to amend your will.
- Your Codicil Can Be Easily Located: your codicil will have no effect if it cannot be found during the administration of your estate. For this reason, it is in your best interest to keep your codicil with your last will and testament so that the documents can be read together and your wishes can be honored.
- Your Codicil is Properly Executed: your codicil must be executed in the same way as a will must be executed in your state. Often, this means that 2 or 3 witnesses must be present and that you must state that you are of sound mind and have not been coerced into drafting the document. If your jurisdiction recognizes holographic wills then holographic codicils will also be recognized and enforceable.
The information on this page is meant to provide a general overview of the law. The laws in your state and/or city may deviate significantly from those described here. If you have specific questions related to your situation you should speak with a local attorney.
Additional Wills Articles
- Wills: An Overview
- Is a Will's Validity Affected When You Move Out of State?
- How to Contest a Will
- When to Update Your Will
- How to Write Your Own Will
- What Is a Will?
- Draft a Will (You Can't Take it With You)
- Why It Is a Good Idea to Have a Will
State Wills Articles
- District of Columbia
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- North Carolina