Foreclosure Laws in Illinois
Illinois provides lenders and homeowners with three common ways to approach a foreclosure: Judicial foreclosure, deed in lieu of foreclosure and consent foreclosure. These three methods offer both lenders and borrowers certain advantages, depending upon the unique circumstances of each individual case. What it means for borrowers in particular is that Illinois law tries to provide a way to resolve the debt without harming the borrower when at all possible. As with all legal matters, it is best to acquire an attorney before finalizing foreclosure documents, but the following sections can help homeowners know what to expect when and if foreclosure becomes a possibility.
Types of Illinois Foreclosures
As previously mentioned, most lenders and homeowners complete a foreclosure in one of three ways, and it is important to note at this point that Illinois law does not allow non-judicial foreclosures. Brief descriptions of each foreclosure methods are listed below.
Judicial Foreclosure: As one might expect, this type involves the judicial system. Lenders are responsible for notifying all involved parties not less than 30 days before the court renders a foreclosure judgement. If an Illinois court decides in favor of the lender and pushes the foreclosure through, the property in question may go up for sale but must remain in compliance with the terms outlined in its notice of sale. Borrowers will have no redemption rights once the property sale goes through.
Deed in Lieu of Foreclosure: Once an Illinois borrower goes into default on a mortgage, this type of foreclosure can be highly advantageous if the lender agrees to use this method. Quite simply, it entails the homeowner turning the property deed over to the lender in exchange for the mortgage to be terminated. This way the borrower terminates all interests in the property as well as ownership of the deed. Lenders do not always agree to this type of foreclosure, but when they do, they are no longer permitted to seek a deficiency judgement against the homeowner. This method benefits the homeowner by providing a simple way to terminate the mortgage quickly and effectively without having to undertake as many unpleasant tasks.
Consent Foreclosure: There are benefits for both the lender and the borrower with this type of foreclosure. In essence, an Illinois court satisfies the mortgage by turning absolute title over to the lender, who benefits by resolving the matter quickly. The homeowner benefits much in the same way as he or she would in a Deed in Lieu of Foreclosure process; by having the matter resolved as painlessly as possible. Afterwards, lenders may not seek a deficiency judgement and the borrower will have no rights of redemption.
Illinois Foreclosure Q&A
For those who have a lot of questions regarding the Illinois foreclosure process, please see the following section. Here, Illinois residents will find some of the most common questions and their answers about foreclosure in this state.
- Can residents access the courts regarding their foreclosure? Yes, they enjoy easy access before the property is resold.
- Can residents pay the default amount and reinstate mortgages before the property is sold? Yes.
- When does the right to reinstate the mortgage expire? 90 days after the court summons.
- Does the lender have any limits on deficiency judgements? No.
As you can see, Illinois offers several options for foreclosing on a property. The best way for homeowners to proceed is to contact an attorney who can provide the best course of action going forward while making sure the borrowers rights have not been violated.
The information on this page is meant to provide a general overview of the law. The laws in your state and/or city may deviate significantly from those described here. If you have specific questions related to your situation you should speak with a local attorney.
Additional Foreclosure and Alternatives Articles
- Does Illinois Law Allow for a Redemption Period After a Foreclosure?
- Where and When do Foreclosure Sales Take Place in Illinois?
- What Public Notice Requirements are There for a Real Estate Foreclosure in Illinois?
- Can a Lender Sue a Borrower for a Deficiency Judgment if the Lender is Still Owed Money After a Foreclosure Sale in Illinois?
- How Can a Lender Foreclose on a Property in Illinois?
- How Long Does the Typical Foreclosure Process Take in Illinois?
- Can I Keep My Home If I File Bankruptcy in Illinois?