What is an S Corporation?
There are several different types of corporations from which business owners can choose when they initially set up their business. One type of corporation is an S corporation. The “S” in “S Corporation” refers to Chapter 1, Subchapter S of the United States Internal Revenue Code. Owners who choose to incorporate an S Corporation are choosing not to have the Corporation pay income taxes but rather to have each shareholder pay personal income tax (or report a loss) on the shareholder’s proportionate share of income (or loss) from the S Corporation. In order to elect to incorporate as an S corporation, the company must have only one class of stock and not more than a certain number of shareholders. Since all of the shareholders are responsible to the IRS and state revenue department for their proportionate share of the corporation’s profits or losses, all of the shareholders must be US citizens or residents and must be people and not other legal entities (such as other corporations, LLC or LLPs.)
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