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Is An Employment Certificate Required?

Minors can obtain employment certificates or permits from the school they attend or from the superintendent of schools in that area. Below is an overview of the various types of certificates and permits issued to minors:

A Student Non­factory Employment Certificate (AT­18, blue paper) is issued to a minor 14 or 15 years old for permitted work in any trade, business, or service, but not for work in a factory workroom or for work involving use of dangerous materials or chemical processes.

A Student General Employment Certificate (AT­19, green paper) is issued to a minor 16 or 17 years old who is attending school. It is valid for work in a factory or any other trade, business, or service, but not valid for hazardous employment such as operating certain power­driven machines, construction work, or for work as a helper on a motor vehicle.

A Full­Time Employment Certificate (AT­20, salmon paper) is issued to a minor 16 or 17 years old who is not attending school, or is leaving school for full­time employment. It is valid for work in a factory or any other trade, business, or service but not valid for hazardous employment such as operating certain power­driven machines, construction work, or for work as a helper on a motor vehicle.

PERMITS

(AT­24, yellow paper) are issued to minors 14 and 15 years of age for farm work during vacation, before or after school hours, and on days when attendance at school is not required. Such a permit must be signed by each employer, and is not valid for work in or in connection with a factory or cannery. A minor may change his/her farm job without obtaining a new permit.

Permits (AT­25, white paper) are issued to minors 12 and 13 years of age employed in the hand harvest of berries, fruits, and vegetables. Such minors must be accompanied by a parent or must provide the employer with the parent's written consent to work.

Newspaper Carrier Permits (AT­23, buff paper) are issued to minors 11 to 18 years of age for work in the delivery, or sale and delivery of newspapers, shopping papers, or periodicals to homes or places of business. The minors must carry the permit while working. Note that under Federal law a 14­year age minimum is required for delivery of periodicals and similar items.

Street Trade Permits (AT­26, ivory paper) are issued to self­employed boys and girls 14 to 18 years old who sell newspapers or periodicals on streets or in public places or who work as shoeshiners.

Child Model Permits (AT­1 2, green booklet) are issued for the employment of child models under 18 years old.

Performer Permits ­ These permits are issued by the chief executive of the municipality in which the performance takes place.

Get Help from an Experienced Employment Law Attorney

Have you been discriminated against by a potential or current employer -- as a job applicant or current employee? To best protect your legal rights you should discuss your situation with an employment lawyer. Meet with a local employment for employees attorney sooner rather than later to protect your rights.

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