Is An Employment Certificate Required?
Minors can obtain employment certificates or permits from the school they attend or from the superintendent of schools in that area. Below is an overview of the various types of certificates and permits issued to minors:
A Student Nonfactory Employment Certificate (AT18, blue paper) is issued to a minor 14 or 15 years old for permitted work in any trade, business, or service, but not for work in a factory workroom or for work involving use of dangerous materials or chemical processes.
A Student General Employment Certificate (AT19, green paper) is issued to a minor 16 or 17 years old who is attending school. It is valid for work in a factory or any other trade, business, or service, but not valid for hazardous employment such as operating certain powerdriven machines, construction work, or for work as a helper on a motor vehicle.
A FullTime Employment Certificate (AT20, salmon paper) is issued to a minor 16 or 17 years old who is not attending school, or is leaving school for fulltime employment. It is valid for work in a factory or any other trade, business, or service but not valid for hazardous employment such as operating certain powerdriven machines, construction work, or for work as a helper on a motor vehicle.
(AT24, yellow paper) are issued to minors 14 and 15 years of age for farm work during vacation, before or after school hours, and on days when attendance at school is not required. Such a permit must be signed by each employer, and is not valid for work in or in connection with a factory or cannery. A minor may change his/her farm job without obtaining a new permit.
Permits (AT25, white paper) are issued to minors 12 and 13 years of age employed in the hand harvest of berries, fruits, and vegetables. Such minors must be accompanied by a parent or must provide the employer with the parent's written consent to work.
Newspaper Carrier Permits (AT23, buff paper) are issued to minors 11 to 18 years of age for work in the delivery, or sale and delivery of newspapers, shopping papers, or periodicals to homes or places of business. The minors must carry the permit while working. Note that under Federal law a 14year age minimum is required for delivery of periodicals and similar items.
Street Trade Permits (AT26, ivory paper) are issued to selfemployed boys and girls 14 to 18 years old who sell newspapers or periodicals on streets or in public places or who work as shoeshiners.
Child Model Permits (AT1 2, green booklet) are issued for the employment of child models under 18 years old.
Performer Permits These permits are issued by the chief executive of the municipality in which the performance takes place.
The information on this page is meant to provide a general overview of the law. The laws in your state and/or city may deviate significantly from those described here. If you have specific questions related to your situation you should speak with a local attorney.
Additional Employment Law for Employees Articles
- What is the current minimum wage in New York State?
- What Is The Law Regarding Overtime?
- Must My Employer Provide For Rest And/Or Meal Periods?
- Must An Employer Pay Employees For Holidays, Sick Time And/Or Vacations?
- Can An Employee Be Fired Without Due Cause?
- When Is The Last Check Due To A Terminated Employee?
- How Can Employees Obtain Assistance In Collecting Wages Owed To Them By Their Employer?
- How Do I Apply For Unemployment Insurance?
- How Do I Qualify For Unemployment Benefits?
- How Is My Weekly Benefit Rate Determined?
- How Do I Claim My Weekly Benefits?
- Are Unemployment Insurance Benefits Taxable?
- What Is The Minimum Age For Employment?
- Are Certain Occupations Prohibited For Minors?
- What Are The Restrictions On The Hours A Minor Can Work?
- If An Employer Complies With The State Law Does That Guarantee Compliance With The Federal Law Or If The Employer Complies With Federal Law Does That Guarantee Compliance With State Law?
- When Is An Employer Liable For Unemployment Taxes?
- How Does An Employer Register As An Employer?
- What Is Required Once An Employer Is Determined Liable?
- What Are The Unemployment Tax Rates?
- Do I Have To Look For Work While Collecting Unemployment Insurance Benefits?