What Are The Guidelines For Drug Testing?

Testing or retesting for the presence of drugs or alcohol by an employer shall be carried out within the terms of a written policy that has been distributed to every employee subject to testing or that has been made available to employees in the same manner as the employer informs its employees of other personnel practices, including inclusion in a personnel handbook or manual or posting in a place accessible to employees. The employer shall inform prospective employees that they must undergo drug testing. The written policy shall include at least the following:

1. A statement of the employer's policy respecting drug and alcohol use by employees.

2. A description of those employees or prospective employees who are subject to testing.

3. The circumstances under which testing may be required.

4. The substances as to which testing may be required.

5. A description of the testing methods and collection procedures to be used.

6. The consequences of a refusal to participate in the testing.

7. Any adverse personnel action that may be taken based on the testing procedure or results.

8. The right of an employee, on request, to obtain the written test results.

9. The right of an employee, on request, to explain in a confidential setting, a positive test result.

10. A statement of the employer's policy regarding the confidentiality of the test results.

The information on this page is meant to provide a general overview of the law. The laws in your state and/or city may deviate significantly from those described here. If you have specific questions related to your situation you should speak with a local attorney.

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